In climate change perspectives, three inequalities have been well-documented: inequalities between (1) and within countries (2), and inequalities between generations (3). However, the gendered inequalities are and will be exacerbated by climate change consequences (4). An open-access chapter presents the most important issues of this question (4). Authors add a health perspective combined with climate change gendered inequalities.
A set of key points:
- Deaths related to natural disasters are higher among women. Their motor skills are generally lower than men (e.g., running, swimming, climbing). Also, they have a poor access to climate-related information.
- Women may be more “biologically vulnerable” during heat waves. High temperatures also are associated with complications in pregnancy and poor neonatal outcomes.
- Women are more exposed to indoor pollution (from fuel-wood stoves) and have higher burden to outdoor air pollution.
- Women are the worst affected by food insecurity because they are (most of time) responsible for cooking, feeding caring…. and they eat less.
- During dry seasons, women spend time and energy to collect water. It increases their risk of heat illness
You can find an interactive map displaying 130 studies that investigate how men and women are affected by climate change here .
- 1. Guivarch C, Taconet N. Global inequalities and climate change. In: The Routledge Handbook of the Political Economy of the Environment. Routledge; 2021.
- 2. United Nations Environment Programme. The emissions gap report 2020. 2020.
- 3. Thiery W, Lange S, Rogelj J, Schleussner C-F, Gudmundsson L, Seneviratne SI, et al. Intergenerational inequities in exposure to climate extremes. Science [Internet]. 8 oct 2021 [cité 27 déc 2021]; Disponible sur: http://www.science.org/doi/abs/10.1126/science.abi7339
- 4. Kommu V, Alexander D, Lingam L. Gendered vulnerabilities and health inequities. In: Climate Change and the Health Sector [Internet]. 1re éd. London: Routledge India; 2021. p. 90‑7.